We are delighted to welcome this guest post from Aengus Carroll, PhD researcher at University College Cork, School of Law. Aengus has a long track record of research and advocacy in the field of sexuality rights, and this year, is the co-author of the landmark ILGA publication State-Sponsored Homophobia: A World Survey of Laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition of same-sex love.
ILGA : World Survey of Laws On 13 May 2015, the 10th edition of State-Sponsored Homophobia: A World Survey of Laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition of same-sex love will be launched by ILGA (the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association), in Geneva. The Report will be launched by UN High Commissioner, Mr. Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, in Geneva.
Alongside an in-depth report, ILGA produces the World Map, which is very widely disseminated across the globe, and referred to as an authoritative source on the nature and numbers of existing criminalising States. The 9th edition from 2014 version of the report can be found at: http://old.ilga.org/Statehomophobia/ILGA_SSHR_2014_Eng.pdf, and the map can be downloaded from: http://old.ilga.org/Statehomophobia/ILGA_Map_2014_ENG.pdf. Both of these are translated into the six official UN languages, and are disseminated directly to ILGA’s 1,100 member organisations, a very wide range of ally organisations in various sectors, as well as to all UN country and regional desks and targeted individuals at the United Nations in Geneva and New York.
The only global document of its kind produced on an annual basis, as its name suggests it includes a listing of, information on and links to laws under a series of headings: same-sex sexual behavior legal or illegal, non-discrimination in the workplace, (un)equal age of consent, marriage and partnership rights, and so on. Further, it lays out the texts of the laws in criminalising states – specifying what exactly is being outlawed (for example, “sodomy”, “buggery”, “acts against nature”, “homosexuality”), and provides links to the Gazettes or legal instruments in which these legal provisions are found. In the entries on these states, the authors have researched state responses to recent recommendations at the Universal Periodic Review, Treaty Bodies and other UN mechanisms.
The final section of the publication is a series of essays on developments in sexual orientation activism in legal and policy spheres from legal experts worldwide. In this year’s edition, there will be an essay on intersectionality in LGBTI activism from the international NGO, Sexual Rights Initiative, as well as an essay on sexual orientation and gender identity developments at the UN.
ILGA moved their offices from Brussels to Geneva in 2014, having achieved ECOSOC status in 2013. Last year the publication was launched by outgoing UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navanethem Pillay, and this year it will be launched by the new High Commissioner, Mr. Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein. High-level interest in the publication is growing and it is being increasingly cited in UN fora. The authors of State-Sponsored Homophobia are Aengus Carroll (Ireland) and Lucas Paoli Itaborahy (Brazil).